5 min read
30 Jun


When a defective product, dangerous drug, or negligent action injures a large number of people, it's not just an isolated incident – it's a mass tort. Mass torts are complex legal cases involving numerous plaintiffs who have suffered similar harm from the same source. This is where mass tort attorneys step in, wielding their specialized expertise to seek justice and compensation for the victims. 

What is a Mass Tort? 

A mass tort is a civil lawsuit involving a large number of plaintiffs who have been injured by the same product, substance, or action. Unlike class actions, where plaintiffs are treated as a single entity, mass torts allow each plaintiff to pursue their individual claim for damages. Common examples of mass torts include: 

  • Defective Drugs and Medical Devices: Cases involving pharmaceuticals or medical devices that cause widespread harm, such as the opioid crisis or faulty hip implants.
  • Environmental Disasters: Claims arising from oil spills, chemical leaks, or other environmental contamination that affects numerous individuals and communities.
  • Product Liability: Lawsuits involving defective products like automobiles, consumer goods, or industrial equipment that cause injuries.
  • Toxic Exposure: Cases where individuals have been exposed to harmful substances, such as asbestos, lead, or pesticides, resulting in health problems.

 Why You Need a Mass Tort Attorney 

Mass torts are intricate legal battles that require specialized knowledge and experience. Mass tort attorneys possess the resources and expertise to handle these complex cases effectively. They can: 

  • Investigate and Evaluate Claims: Thoroughly investigate the facts and legal issues involved in the case, determine the viability of a mass tort claim, and assess the potential damages for each individual plaintiff.
  • Coordinate Litigation: Efficiently manage and coordinate the litigation of numerous individual claims, ensuring that all plaintiffs' rights are protected and their cases are pursued effectively.
  • Negotiate with Defendants: Engage in negotiations with the defendant(s) to seek fair settlements for each plaintiff, taking into account their individual circumstances and damages.
  • Litigate in Court: If a fair settlement cannot be reached, represent the plaintiffs in court and advocate for their rights at trial.

 The Mass Tort Process 

The mass tort process typically involves several stages: 

  1. Case Assessment: Mass tort attorneys will review the facts and legal issues to determine if a mass tort is appropriate. They will also identify potential plaintiffs and gather evidence to support the claims.
  2. Litigation Consolidation: In many mass torts, individual cases are consolidated into multidistrict litigation (MDL) in federal court for pretrial proceedings. This streamlines the process and avoids duplicative efforts.
  3. Discovery: The parties exchange information and evidence through depositions, interrogatories, and document production.
  4. Bellwether Trials: In some cases, a few representative cases may be selected for trial, known as bellwether trials. The outcomes of these trials can help gauge the potential success of other claims and facilitate settlement negotiations.
  5. Settlement or Trial: Most mass torts are resolved through settlements. However, if a fair settlement cannot be reached, the case may proceed to trial.
  6. Distribution of Awards: If the plaintiffs are successful, the lawyer will oversee the distribution of settlement or judgment awards to the class members.

 Key Considerations in Mass Tort Litigation 

  • Statute of Limitations: Mass tort claims are subject to statutes of limitations, which vary depending on the type of case and the jurisdiction. It's crucial to file your claim before the deadline expires.
  • Damages: The damages recoverable in a mass tort case can vary depending on the nature and severity of the harm suffered. Common damages include medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and punitive damages.
  • Expert Witnesses: Mass tort cases often rely on expert testimony to establish causation and damages. Experienced mass tort attorneys have access to a network of qualified experts.
  • Legal Fees: Most mass tort attorneys work on a contingency fee basis, meaning they only get paid if they win the case. This makes legal representation more accessible to plaintiffs.

 The Impact of Mass Torts 

Mass torts have a significant impact on public health, safety, and corporate accountability. They: 

  • Hold Corporations Accountable: Mass torts can force companies to change dangerous practices, recall defective products, and compensate victims for their losses.
  • Deter Future Misconduct: The threat of mass tort litigation can incentivize companies to prioritize safety and avoid actions that could harm consumers or the environment.
  • Provide Justice for Victims: Mass torts offer a pathway for individuals who might not be able to pursue individual lawsuits to seek justice and compensation collectively.

 Finding a Mass Tort Attorney 

If you believe you have been injured by a product or action that has harmed others, it's important to consult with a mass tort attorney as soon as possible. Look for a lawyer with experience in the specific type of mass tort relevant to your case. Ask for referrals from trusted sources, or search online directories like the American Association for Justice (AAJ). 


Mass tort attorneys play a critical role in holding corporations and other powerful entities accountable for their actions. By representing large groups of plaintiffs who have suffered similar harm, they ensure that justice is served and that victims receive fair compensation for their losses. If you're a victim of a mass tort, don't hesitate to seek legal help. Contact a mass tort attorney today to learn more about your rights and options.

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